Analysis of the impact of migration and remittances on the communities of origin of migrants in mali: the case of the locality of Yélémané

Ousmane  Mariko
Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion de Bamako, Chercheur invité au Centre de Recherche en Economie de Grenoble (CREG)

Mahamadou Beïdaly Sangare
Université des Sciences Sociales et de Gestion de Bamako
Auteur correspondant : Ousmane Mariko

Abstract: This study seeks to examine the impact of migration and remittances on the com- munities of origin of migrants. This is based on a model of simultaneous equations inspired by the theory of the new economy of labor migration (NEMT), using data from a survey carried out in 2014 on 160 households in 9 villages of the locality of Yélémané which is one of the main areas of departure for Malian migrants. The study showed that the number of migrants and agricultural production are negatively correlated. On the other hand, remittances have a positive impact on agricultural and non-agricultural production. In addition to their positive effects on productive investment and the ability to adopt capital-intensive technologies, remit- tances have a positive and significant effect on the food, health and education expenditures of households benefiting from them. These results show that remittances from migration contribute significantly to improving the living conditions of migrant families in this area.

Keywords: migration, remittances, NEMT, model of simultaneous equations, Mali.

JEL Classification : J6, J80, J15.