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Education, taxation and income inequality: What choices by the median voter?

Education, taxation and income inequality: What choices by the
median voter?

Marie-Estelle BINET
Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, INRA, Grenoble, France
ORCID : 0000-0003-4332-5676

Denis DELGAY-TROISE
CREM-CNRS, Université de Rennes 1, France
denis.delgay-troise@univ-rennes1.fr
ORCID : 0000-0001-9526-2115

Jean-Sébastien PENTECÔTE
CREM-CNRS, Université de Caen-Normandie, Caen, France
ORCID : 0000-0002-1186-829X


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Abstract : This study is following Meltzer and Richard (1981) on the link between inequality and redistribution studied within the median voter model. We propose an original theoretical framework with heterogeneous choices of qualification by active voters, following the idea put forward by Razin et alii (2002, 2004). We first show how the choice of qualification by the decisive voter directly influences his preferences in terms of income taxation, and vice versa. While a decrease in education costs increases the share of the educated population, its effect on redistribution is contrasted. Economies with similar education costs may choose high or low redistribution rates, despite high inequality. This partly invalidates Meltzer and Richard’s result.

Keywords : inequalities, taxation, median voter, productivity, education costs.

JEL Classification : D31, D72 H2, J2.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18559/RIELF.2020.1.9