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Economic and political implications for Poland remaining outside the Eurozone

Stanisław GOMULKA
Membre de l’Académie polonaise des sciences, Pologne
Gomulka@rubikon.pl

Abstract:

Economic and political implications for Poland remaining outside the Eurozone

In the Accession Treaty of 16 April 2003, Poland agreed to adopt euro as its national currency, but   the date of this   adoption was not specified. The financial crisis in several countries of the Eurozone, in  response to thw world financial crisis in 2008, reduced drastically  the  public support in Poland  for  the replacement of the zloty by the euro. This article has two objectives. One is to assess the net costs, economic and political, for Poland remaining long outside the Eurozone. In this assessment the analysis includes also two official reports by National Bank of Poland, the country’s central bank, published in 2009 and 2014. The other objective is to note and assess the reforms which have been undertaken by member states of the Eurozone in  response to this crisis, in order to maintain and enhance financial stability and economic effectivness of the rules adopted at the start of the Eurozone on 1 January 1999. The author suggests to consider and adopt additional reforms. Discussed is also the USA experience with its own monetary union, and the potential influence on policy developments in the EU of increasing  global competitive preasures from China and India.