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Urbanisation and CO2 emissions in Africa: Do governance matter?

Cheikh Tidiane NDOUR

Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion
Département d ’ Économie, Sénégal
cheikht.ndour@ucad.edu.sn ; cheikhtidjanendour@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2080-4295

Abstract : This paper determines how good governance complements or counteracts ur­banisation in the fight of environmental degradation, including the reduction of CO2 emissions, for 45 African countries over the period 2000–2014. Governance is measured through the six dimensions of the Kaufman governance indicators. Urbanisation is assessed by the urbanisation rate, which refers to the urban population as a proportion of the total population. The empirical evidence is based on the two-stage generalized method of mo­ments (GMM), which eliminates simultaneity bias and considers cross-country variations. Overall, the results show that good governance has a significant effect on reducing CO2 emissions. It is a means to mitigate the potential effect of urbanisation on environmental degradation. The results recommend that governance must be consider in urbanisation policies to achieve a clean environment.

Keywords : CO2 emissions, governance, urbanization, GMM model.

JEL classification : C33, G30, Q50, O55, O18.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.18559/RIELF.2022.1.3