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Geostatistical analysis and mapping of malaria risk in children under 5 years old in Togo

Yacobou SANOUSSI
Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion (FaSEG), Université de Kara, Togo
corresponding author : syacobou@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1119-6286


Yevessé DANDONOUGBO
École Supérieure d ’ Agronomie (ESA), Université de Lomé, Togo
ydandonougbo@univ-lome.tg
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3022-7639


Yaovi TOSSOU
Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion (FaSEG), Université de Lomé, Togo
tossouyaovi@yahoo.fr
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9244-9387

Abstract : The objective of this research is to analyze the geostatistical and cartographic determinants of malaria risk among children under 5 years of age in Togo. Using a geosta­tistical model and data from the 2017 MIS survey in Togo, the results reveal that children of uneducated mothers have a higher malaria prevalence than those of educated mothers. The general trend observed is that households living in urban areas have a lower prevalence of malaria compared to those living in rural areas. The prevalence of malaria among children under five years old decreases with increasing household wealth. Malaria prevalence was also positively associated with vegetation index and minimum temperature. Thus, these results suggest the need for effective and efficient public health interventions in high-risk areas. In addition, the determinants of malaria spatial distribution identified in this study together with the established malaria risk maps could be used in the implementation of malaria control programs and policies to define priority intervention areas.

Keywords : malaria, risk, geostatic, health.

JEL classification : I12, I15, Q00.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.18559/RIELF.2022.1.13

https://rielf.aielf.org