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Determinants of public health expenditure in Sub-Saharan Africa

Kossi Atsutsè Dziédzom TSOMDZO
Université de Kara, Togo
Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion, Département d’Économie
dt.jpierre@gmail.com
ORCID : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8924-3193

Yacobou SANOUSSI
Université de Kara, Togo
Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion, Département d’Économie
syacobou@gmail.com
ORCID : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1119-6286

Kwami Ossadzifo WONYRA
Université de Kara, Togo
Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion, Département d’Économie
wonyra.ossa@gmail.com
ORCID : https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5237-4352

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to analyze the determinants of public health expenditure in sub-Saharan Africa. To this end, a dynamic panel model was used for a sample of 32 sub-Saharan African countries covering the period 2009 to 2018, which was then subdivided into four subgroups for further analysis. The fixed effect model estimation and the SGMM estimator approach were used to obtain the results in the African context. However, the LSDV-corrected estimator was used for the results for the different regions. The estimation results show that public health expenditure is mainly positively influenced by gross domestic product, policies that aim to improve the health status of the population as measured by infant and child mortality rates, the proportion of the population under 15 years of age, and the population density in rural areas.

Keywords: public health expenditure, GDP, health status, GMM, LSDVC, sub-Saharan Africa.

JEL classification : H5, H51, I18.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18559/RIELF.2021.2.6